What’s in an IEP?

What is the difference between remediation, accommodation and modification?

Remediation or intervention refers to direct instruction in the student’s identified areas of weakness. This instruction is usually delivered in a pullout programme. It should be intensive, direct, multisensory and systematic.

An accommodation refers to any assistance that enables the student to access the grade-appropriate curriculum. The curriculum expectations are not changed. Common accommodations include:

  • Providing extra time on written tests
  • Reading aloud written questions on tests
  • Not deducting marks for spelling errors when spelling is not the focus of evaluation
  • The use of books on tape
  • Oral assessments
  • Allowing the use of electronic spellers
  • Changing the font size and amount of information on a page for written tests
  • The use of a peer note-taker
  • The use of voice recognition software for writing and print-to-speech software for reading text

A modification refers to changes made to the curriculum expectations. These may include:

  • Selecting expectations from a different grade level
  • Reducing the number of curriculum expectations to be mastered
  • Rewriting grade-level expectations
  • Writing alternative expectations