Use the Term ‘Dyslexia’


Use the Term 'Dyslexia'

to Access Information, Support, and Solutions!

 

What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin.  It is characterized by unexpected difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. It is the most common learning disability.

 

Dyslexia is a recognized, diagnosable learning difficulty

Psychologists usually use the terms “specific learning disorder” or “specific learning disorder with impairment in reading and/or writing” in psycho-educational assessments.  However, the Diagnostic Standards Manual (DSM-V)* notes that

Dyslexia is an alternative term used to refer to a pattern of learning difficulties characterized by problems with accurate or fluent word recognition, poor decoding, and poor spelling abilities.”

The American Psychologists Association refers to ‘dyslexia’ on their website:

“Reading problems can include difficulties with reading accuracy, reading rate or fluency, and reading comprehension. Dyslexia refers to learning difficulties related to word recognition, decoding and spelling.”

*American Psychologists Association (APA), 2013

The term ‘Dyslexia’ is used WIDELY around the world

Organizations that provide information, support and solutions use the term ‘dyslexia’:

Researchers have published thousands of papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals, including review articles and studies on risk factors, determinants, etiology, neurobiology, assessment, and intervention. --> Check them out by searching for ‘dyslexia’ in Google Scholar.

Governments use the term ‘dyslexia’:

Individuals often prefer the term ‘dyslexia’ (instead of learning disability or disorder) because it is more reflective of the neurological diversity basis of this learning difference, particularly since we know that dyslexia is not associated with intelligence and that people with dyslexia can learn to read well when provided with appropriate reading instruction.