Use the Term 'Dyslexia'
to Access Information, Support, and Solutions!
What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by unexpected difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. It is the most common learning disability.
Dyslexia is a recognized, diagnosable learning difficulty
Psychologists usually use the terms “specific learning disorder” or “specific learning disorder with impairment in reading and/or writing” in psycho-educational assessments. However, the Diagnostic Standards Manual (DSM-V)* notes that
“Dyslexia is an alternative term used to refer to a pattern of learning difficulties characterized by problems with accurate or fluent word recognition, poor decoding, and poor spelling abilities.”
The American Psychologists Association refers to ‘dyslexia’ on their website:
“Reading problems can include difficulties with reading accuracy, reading rate or fluency, and reading comprehension. Dyslexia refers to learning difficulties related to word recognition, decoding and spelling.”
*American Psychologists Association (APA), 2013
The term ‘Dyslexia’ is used WIDELY around the world
Organizations that provide information, support and solutions use the term ‘dyslexia’:
- International Dyslexia Association Ontario Branch
- Decoding Dyslexia Ontario
- Dyslexia Canada
- Learning Disabilities Association of Canada
- Learning Disabilities Association of British Columbia
- Learning Disabilities Association of New Brunswick
- Learning Disabilities Association of Prince Edward Island
- New Brunswick Post-Secondary Institutions
- International Dyslexia Association
- Learning Disabilities Association of America
- U.S. National Center for Learning Disabilities
- Mayo Clinic
- University of Michigan Dyslexia Help
- Yale University Center for Dyslexia and Creativity
- British Dyslexia Association
- The Australian Federation of Specific Learning Difficulties Associations
- New Zealand Council for Educational Research
Researchers have published thousands of papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals, including review articles and studies on risk factors, determinants, etiology, neurobiology, assessment, and intervention. --> Check them out by searching for ‘dyslexia’ in Google Scholar.
Governments use the term ‘dyslexia’:
- Forty-two states in the U.S. have dyslexia legislation. See Dyslexia Laws in the USA: A 2018 Update.
- A number of U.S. states have published Dyslexia Handbooks or Dyslexia Resource Guides. Check our website for a list.
- In 2014, the S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology when they hosted a hearing in September 2014 entitled “The Science of Dyslexia”.
- S. National Institute of Health
- “Identifying and Teaching Children and Young People with Dyslexia and Literacy Difficulties” by Sir Jim Rose, commissioned by the U.K. Secretary of State.
- U.K. National Health Service
Individuals often prefer the term ‘dyslexia’ (instead of learning disability or disorder) because it is more reflective of the neurological diversity basis of this learning difference, particularly since we know that dyslexia is not associated with intelligence and that people with dyslexia can learn to read well when provided with appropriate reading instruction.