Use the term ‘dyslexia’


In Ontario dyslexia often goes by other names

Psychologists usually use the terms “specific learning disorder” or “specific learning disorder with impairment in reading and/or writing” in psycho-educational assessments.  However, the Diagnostic Standards Manual (DSM-V)* notes that

"Dyslexia is an alternative term used to refer to a pattern of learning difficulties characterized by problems with accurate or fluent word recognition, poor decoding, and poor spelling abilities.”

The American Psychologists Association refers to ‘dyslexia’ on their website:

“Reading problems can include difficulties with reading accuracy, reading rate or fluency, and reading comprehension. Dyslexia refers to learning difficulties related to word recognition, decoding and spelling.”

*American Psychologists Association (APA), 2013

Canadian organizations use the term dyslexia

The term dyslexia is used by other organizations around the world

The term dyslexia is used by scientists and researchers

Researchers have published thousands of papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals, including review articles and studies on risk factors, determinants, etiology, neurobiology, assessment, and intervention. Check them out by searching for ‘dyslexia’ in Google Scholar.

Governments around the world officially recognize the term dyslexia

While the government of Ontario removed the term 'dyslexia' from the official definition of learning disabilities in 2014 countries around the world are moving to officially recognize dyslexia. For example:

Individuals often prefer the term dyslexia

Many people feel that the term dyslexia is more reflective of the neurological diversity basis of this learning difference, rather than a 'disability' or 'disorder'.  We know that dyslexia is not associated with intelligence and that people with dyslexia can learn to read well when provided with appropriate reading instruction.