Individuals with dyslexia often have difficulty with phonological processing, which refers to the ability to process sounds in spoken language. This can make it challenging to break down words into their component sounds and match them to letters or letter combinations when reading or spelling. As a result, people with dyslexia may experience difficulties in accurately decoding words, recognizing familiar words, and spelling correctly.
Dyslexia is not related to intelligence or lack of motivation. However, the challenges associated with dyslexia can impact academic performance and may cause frustration, low self-esteem, anxiety and depression.
Early identification and research-based support are crucial for individuals with dyslexia. Specialized interventions, such as structured literacy instruction, can help individuals develop effective reading and spelling skills. Dyslexia varies in severity and the impact depends on the effectiveness of reading instruction and/or intervention.
Creating an inclusive and supportive environment is also important for individuals with dyslexia. Raising awareness about dyslexia and promoting understanding can help foster a sense of empathy and inclusion.By acknowledging the unique strengths and challenges of individuals with dyslexia, we can work together toward creating equitable opportunities for success in school and beyond.