Some people with dyslexia have other learning disabilities or other issues that can affect their learning (eg. attention, memory) and hence, academic success. These other issues must be considered when providing intervention programs and supporting children with dyslexia.
Other learning disabilities
- Dysgraphia - difficulties with handwriting.
- Dyscalculia - difficulties with mathematics.
Attention and memory issues
- ADHD - Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder - approximately 30% of people with dyslexia also have ADHD.
- Working memory - This is the memory used for temporarily storing and managing information. Poor working memory can make it difficult to retain letter/sounds while trying to decode an unfamliar word or remember the words in a long, complicated sentence.
- Executive functioning skills enable us to carry out instructions in a logical way and organize our thoughts and actions. Challenges in these skills can add to the difficulties experienced by someone with dyslexia.